Carcassonne is a beautiful fortified city in the Languedoc region of Southern France which sits on the Aude River. La Cite is an amazing medieval castle in the city. It is a fully functional and working French city that houses shops, restaurants, cafes, museums and art studios. The city has become one of the most famous tourist attractions. It is listed as UNESCO World heritage site.
Carcassonne is a fortified town surrounded by a double wall. The outer wall is the work of Louis IX, parts of the inner wall date back to Roman times. The citadel includes the Château Comtal – the central castle of the upper town dating from the twelfth century with an amazing 31 towers. There are guided tours of the castle which also take in sections of the walls and the amphitheater. St-Nazaire basilica is also located in the citadel. Pope Urban V (born near Mende in the north of Languedoc) visited Carcassonne in 1096 and ordered the construction of the basilica.
Since the pre-Roman period, a fortified settlement has existed on the hill where Carcassonne now stands. The earliest known occupation of the site dates from the 6th century BC, when a protohistoric hill fort was built here overlooking the valley of the Aude and the ancient routes linking the Atlantic with the Mediterranean and the Iberian Peninsula with the rest of Europe.
La Cite has daily displays to offer. Inside the walls of the citadel, visitors can find a beautiful town with narrow streets which for the most part are free of cars throughout the day with only limited access allowed for people operating their businesses or living in the city.
In July there is a music festival held in the city and its Bastille Day firework display is appear to be amongst the best in France.
- Location: A61 West, Carcassonne
- Nearby sights: CHATEAU ET REMPARTS DE LA CITE DE CARCASSONNE, Cathar Castles, Basilica of Saint-Nazaire
- Nearby hotels: Hotel La Bastide Saint Martin, Hotel du Pont Vieux, Hotel du Chateau
- Website: tourisme-carcassonne.fr